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Occasionally a sub-nest may exist ie where termites create a nest in a wall cavity of a home where a moisture source exists eg from faulty plumbing or guttering.
Particular care and equipment can be employed to detect sub-nests in a building incuding a moisture metre, microwave and infrared cameras - but each have their limitations.
There are several varieties of termite control substances registered by the relevant Condition and/or Federal Government Authority for use in termite control as a soil treatment chemical.
WARNING: Many products are solvent based control dyes which may lead to health issues to asthmatics during the drying procedure.
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Termidor and Premise are the safer effective alternatives. Both are water based, have no odor and of ultra-low hazard to humans, dogs, cats and other mammals.
Termidor and Premise do NOT have an obnoxious odour or emit airborne fumes or residues. Both are registered as a low hazard insecticide using a CAUTION notation on the label.
Fipronil, the active ingredient in Termidor, has been used in the USA, Australia and other countries, such as flea and tick control on millions of cats and puppies. Termidor and Premise represent modern technology.
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Some alternative termiticides have a strong repellency action to deter foraging termites. Whereas Termidor and Premise are non-repellant into the termites.
Termites can enter the soil zone without detecting the Termidor or Premise chemical.
The repellant nature of different products mean the termites can detect the chemical and will proceed along the treated soil areas, actively seeking a gap to gain entry into the building.
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Premise has been utilized as soil treatment barrier against termites for more than eight years in the USA with excellent results for long term termite control. We are not aware of any significant problems during this age.
Premise will behave to kill termites, in the concentration treated soil regions abutting the building. With Premise, termites that forage in the lower concentrated treated land regions, will become disorientated, stop feeding, and therefore are fatally diseased by natural fungi and micro-organisms in the soil.
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The two Bayer Premise and BASF Termidor claim their goods will transfer from one affected termite to another... the technology aimed at eradicating the queen termite and the entire colony - refer to the animated illustration under:
Termites tunneling in the Premise treated soil area abutting the building (of top concentration - near the point of application) are killed outright.
Termites tunneling in the outer parts of a Premise treated soil area (of reduced concentration) will not detect the Premise which adheres to their own bodies and has a delayed lethal effect of several days - enough time to be transferred back to the central colony nest.
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Following 250 million years of living underground, subterranean termites have evolved with a very thin waxy skin (called an exoskeleton) that readily absorbs moisture.
Premise adheres to the termite exoskeleton and can be readily adsorbed via the exoskeleton and into the termite's body to trap and kill the affected termite within a couple of days.
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The termites spread the Premise to other termites during regular physical contact, particularly when working together in close proximity, grooming and feeding the remainder of the colony, a normal function of their daily life.
Termites carry away or cannibalize other dead termites, further spreading the deadly effect of the Premise chemical across the colony.
The Sentricon termite monitoring and baiting system was developed by Dow AgroSciences, USA. The Sentricon bait is an insect growth regulator, which can be designed to be spread throughout the colony by the worker termites.
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An insect growth regulator affects useful link termites by stopping the moulting process needed for the termites to develop. Since the worker termites die off, the termite colony declines to the point where it can no longer sustain itself, ultimately leading to it's collapse and elimination.
The Exterra termite monitoring and baiting system is owned by Ensystex, USA. The Exterra termite bait is from this source also an insect growth regulator.
Both Sentricon and Exterra systems have their own plastic bait stations which has to be utilized with their merchandise. These bait stations can be put in the ground and assessed.
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Termite colony elimination in favourable circumstances may take several weeks to a few months. However, in some cases, termite colony elimination is unsuccessful or might take decades, depending on the circumstances. Where a significant number of termites find and connsume the lure, then colony elimination is almost assured within a few months.
Both the Sentricon and Exterra termite baits are designed to be slow acting, non-repellant and consequently distribute to other termites in the colony prior to the colony can detect where the deadly effect is coming out of.